Dental implants are ideal tooth restoration for people who are missing one or more teeth resulting from significant tooth damage, injury, or periodontal disease. An a metal post is positioned in the jaw by a periodontist or oral surgeon. Once the post is implanted in the jaw, time is needed for the bone surrounding the implant has had time to heal, and then a replacement tooth is attached to the post. Implants are typically more expensive than other methods of tooth replacement, but they provide superior benefits. Implants are even stronger than your natural teeth and generally last ten to twenty years. They are also a more favorable approach than a bridge since they do not depend on neighboring teeth for support.
You need to have healthy gums to receive implants, and also adequate bone structure to support the implant. It is imperative to commit to excellent oral hygiene and regular dental visits if you have implants as these are critical to their long-term success.
Wisdom Teeth Removal
Wisdom teeth are your last molars or “third molars” that develop on each side of your jaws. Wisdom teeth usually emerge through your gums between the ages of sixteen and twenty.
Wisdom teeth can be a valuable asset to the mouth when they are healthy and properly positioned. However, problems can develop that require their removal. If the jaw isn’t large enough to accommodate wisdom teeth, they can become impacted (unable to come through the gums properly or misaligned). Wisdom teeth can also grow in sideways, or emerge only part way through the gum or remain trapped beneath the gum line and bone.
Wisdom tooth extraction is a relatively routine procedure. Your dentist will numb the area of the wisdom tooth with local anesthesia or use IV sedation so you are asleep during the procedure.
After the wisdom tooth is removed, you are provided care instructions to ensure proper healing. Occasionally some pain and swelling may occur but will normally subside after a few days. Call your dentist if you have prolonged or severe pain, swelling, bleeding or fever.
Root Canal Treatment
A root canal treatment, also called endodontic therapy, is necessary when an untreated cavity reaches all the way to the tooth nerve. Treatment may also be required when deep restorations or trauma to a tooth cause nerve damage. Once the pulp becomes infected, it can begin to destroy the surrounding bone. This is known as an abscess. If the pulp is infected, not only is it painful but it will require treatment as it cannot heal on its own. Symptoms indicating the pulp has become infected may include sensitivity to hot or cold or sweets, pain, swelling, pain with biting or pressure, and a bad taste in the mouth. Occasionally no symptoms are apparent and you may be unaware of any problem until a checkup.
A root canal is performed by cleaning out the infected tooth pulp and then disinfecting the canals of the tooth. An alternative to this treatment would be tooth extraction. Once the infection is removed, the canal is filled in by your dentist to prevent any further infection. Often a core build-up and a crown are recommended for restoring the affected tooth.